It is often believed that periodontal disease is an adult issue, but studies show that gingivitis (the first stage of periodontal disease) is nearly a universal problem in children and adolescents. It is rare for advanced forms of periodontal disease to be found in children, but it can occur.
Chronic gingivitis is common in children. This can make gum tissue swell, turn red, and bleed easily. It is preventable and treatable with routine brushing, flossing, and professional dental care. If gingivitis is untreated, it can eventually advance to more serious forms of periodontal disease.